Free access
Volume 68, Number 2, March-April 2013
Page(s) 109 - 120
Published online 22 March 2013
  1. Hall J.B., Aebischer D.P., Tomlinson H.F., Osei-Amaning E., Hindle J.R., Vitellaria paradoxa, A monograph, vol. 8, Univ. Wales, Bangor, U.K., 1996.
  2. Lovett N.P., Haq N., Evidence for anthropic selection of shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), Agrofor. Syst. 48 (2000) 273–289. [CrossRef]
  3. Teklehaimanot Z., Exploiting the potential of indigenous agroforestry trees: Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in sub-Saharan Africa, Agrof. Syst. 61 (2004) 207–220. [CrossRef]
  4. Maranz S., Kpikpi W., Wiesman Z., Sauveur A.D.S., Chapagain B., Nutritional values and indigenous preferences for Shea fruits (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn. F.) in African agroforestry parklands, Econ. Bot. 58 (2004) 588–600. [CrossRef]
  5. Plenderleith K., Brown N., Baillonella toxisperma: a state of knowledge study, Oxford For. Inst., Dep. Plant Sci., Oxford Univ., Oxford, U.K., 2000.
  6. Boffa J.M.J., West African agroforestry parklands: keys to conservation and sustainable management, Unasylva 51 (2000) 11–17.
  7. Boussim I.J., Sallé G., Guinko S., Tapinanthus, parasite du karité au Burkina Faso, Bois For. Trop. 238 (1993) 45–65.
  8. Sallé G., Boussim J., Raynal-Roques A., Brunck F., Le karité une richesse potentielle, perspectives de recherche pour améliorer sa production, Bois For. Trop. 228 (1991) 11–23.
  9. Boussim I.J., Les phanérogames parasites du Burkina Faso: inventaire, taxonomie, écologie et quelques aspects de leur biologie. Cas particulier des Loranthaceae parasites du karité, Thèse, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 2002, 285 p.
  10. Boussim I.J., Guinko S., Tuquet C., Sallé G., Loranthaceae of the agroforestry parklands of Burkina Faso, Agrofor. Syst. 60 (2004) 39–49. [CrossRef]
  11. Odebiyi J.A., Bada S.O., Omoloye A.A., Awodoyin R.O., Oni P.I., Vertebrate and insect pests and hemi-parasitic plants of Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in Nigeria, Agrofor. Syst. 60 (2004) 51–59. [CrossRef]
  12. Lamien N., Boussim J.I., Nygard R., Ouédraogo J.S., Odén P.C., Guinko S., Loranthaceae impact on shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) flowering and fruiting behaviour in savanna area from Burkina Faso, Environ. Exp. Bot. 55 (2006) 142–148. [CrossRef]
  13. Brown A.H.D., Hardner C.M., Sampling the gene pools of forest trees for ex situ conservation, in: Young A., Boshier D., Boyle T. (Eds.), Forest conservation genetics, principles and practise, CSIRO Publ. CABI Publ., 2000.
  14. El Kassaby Y., Effect of forest tree domestication on gene pools, in: Young A., Boshier D., Boyle T. (Eds.), Forest conservation genetics, principles and practise, CSIRO Publ. CABI Publ., 2000.
  15. Sanou H., Picard N., Lovett P.N., Dembélé M., Korbo A., Diarisso D., Bouvet J.-M., Phenotypic variation of agromorphological traits of the shea tree, Vitellaria paradoxa CF Gaertn., in Mali, Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 53 (2006) 145–161. [CrossRef]
  16. Lamien N., Ouédraogo S.J., Diallo O.B., Guinko S., Productivité fruitière du karité (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. C. F., Sapotaceae) dans les parcs agroforestiers traditionnels au Burkina Faso, Fruits 59 (2004) 423–429. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  17. Kelly B.A., Gourlet-Fleury S., Bouvet J.-M., Impact of agroforestry practices on the flowering phenology of Vitellaria paradoxa in parklands in southern Mali, Agrofor. Syst. 71 (2007) 67–75. [CrossRef]
  18. Lovett P.N., Haq N., Diversity of the shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) in Ghana, Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 47 (2000) 293–304. [CrossRef]
  19. Boffa J.M.J., Productivity and management of agroforestry parklands in the Sudan zone of Burkina Faso, West Africa, Purdue Univ., thesis, U.S.A., 1995, 101 p.
  20. Schreckenberg K., Forests, fields and markets: a study of indigenous tree products in woody savannas of the Bassila region, Benin, Univ. Lond., thesis, U. K., 1996, 326 p.
  21. Sinha A., Bawa K.S., Harvesting techniques, hemi-parasites and fruit production in two non-timber forest trees species in South India, For. Ecol. Manag. 168 (2002) 289–300. [CrossRef]
  22. Ward D., Shrestha M.K., Musli I., Are invasive Loranthaceae killing Ziziphus spina-christi? Isr. J. Plant Sci. 54 (2006) 113–117. [CrossRef]
  23. Houehanou T.D., Kindomihou V., Sinsin B., Effectiveness of conservation areas in protecting shea trees against hemiparasitic plants (Loranthaceae) in Benin, West Africa, Plant Ecol. Evol. 144(3) (2011) 267–274. [CrossRef]
  24. Sinsin B., Tehou A.C., Daouda I., Saidou A., Abundance and species richness of larger mammals in Pendjari National Park in Benin, Mammalia 66 (3) (2002) 369–380. [CrossRef]
  25. Adomou C.A., Vegetation patterns and environmental gradients in Benin. Implications for biogeography and conservation, Wagening. Univ., Wagening., thesis, Neth., 2005, 136 p.
  26. Seghieri J., Floret C.H., Pontanier R., Plant phenology in relation to water availability: herbaceous and woody species in the savannas of northern Cameroon, J. Trop. Ecol. 11 (1995) 237–254. [CrossRef]
  27. Okullo J.B.L, Hall J.B., Obua J., Leafing, flowering and fruiting of Vitellaria paradoxa subsp. nilotica in savannah parklands in Uganda, Agrofor. Syst. 60 (2004) 77–91. [CrossRef]
  28. Lamien N., Tigabu M., Guinko S., Oden P.C., Variations in dendrometric and fruiting characters of Vitellaria paradoxa populations and multivariate models for estimation of fruit yield, Agrofor. Syst. 69 (2007) 1–11. [CrossRef]
  29. Zar J.H., Biostatistical analysis, 4th ed., Prentice Hall, N.J., U.S.A., 1999.
  30. Lowe A., Harris S., Ashton P., Ecological genetics: design, analysis and application, 6th ed., Backwell, Lond., U.K., 2004.
  31. Anon., SAS Online Doc 9.1., SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, U.S.A., 2004.
  32. Tennakoon K.U., Pate J.S., Effects of parasitism by Loranthaceae on structure and functioning of branches of its host, Plant Cell Environ. 19 (1996) 517–528. [CrossRef]
  33. Bach C., Kelly D., Hazlett A.B., Forest edges benefit adults, but not seedlings, of the mistletoe Alepis flavida (Loranthaceae), J. Ecol. 93 (2005) 79–86. [CrossRef]
  34. Maranz S., Wiesman Z., Evidence for indigenous selection and distribution of the Shea tree, Vitellaria paradoxa, and its potential significance to prevailing parkland savanna tree patterns in sub-Saharan Africa north of the equator, J. Biogeogr. 30 (2003) 1505–1516. [CrossRef]
  35. Glèlè Kakaï R., Akpona T.J.D., Assogbadjo A.E., Gaoué O.G., Chakeredz S., Gnanglè P.C., Mensah G.A., Sinsin B., Ecological adaptation of the shea butter tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) along climatic gradient in Benin, West Africa, Afr. J. Ecol. 49 (2011) 440–449. [CrossRef]
  36. Mbayngone E., Thiombiano A., Dégradation des aires protégées par l’exploitation des ressources végétales : cas de la réserve partielle de faune de Pama, Burkina Faso (Afrique de l’Ouest), Fruits 66 (2011) 187–202. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]